Roughly 70% of Kewaunee County rely on groundwater for their drinking water. The unique geology and soils of Kewaunee County present extreme challenges in protecting groundwater. The upper layer of bedrock is a type of rock that is easily dissolved by water. Extensive networks of vertical and horizontal fractures (cracks) in the bedrock are continuously forming.
Sinkholes, fracture traces (pictured to the right) disappearing streams, and caves are visible examples of places where bedrock has dissolved. These features often become direct conduits for transporting contaminants from the surface, such as sediment, chlorides, nitrates, bacteria and other microorganisms to groundwater aquifers.
As a homeowner with a private well, it is your responsibility to have your water tested regularly and to know it is safe to drink. It is recommended that all private wells be tested at least once per year for coliform bacteria and nitrates and more often if changes in water taste, odor or color are noticed. You may benefit from more frequent testing to detect seasonal or weather-related trends. There may be additional tests for you to conduct, based on activities around you, or if prior test results indicate that your well is vulnerable to contamination.
NEW TOOLKIT AVAILABLE TO HELP LOCAL LEADERS ADDRESS PFAS CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER (DNR PRESS RELEASE - SEPT 2023) & DNR PRIVATE WELL STUDY -- NEWLY RELEASED NOVEMBER 2023 BELOW.
PFAS Ambient Shallow Groundwater Study | | Wisconsin DNR
NEW WELL COMPENSATION PROGRAM Wisconsin DNR: OCTOBER 2022
**The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) is now accepting applications for the new American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) Well Compensation and Well Abandonment Grant Programs. https://dnr.wisconsin.gov/newsroom/release/63331
Next Well Testing Date: October 16, 2023 (Registration is now Open)
- Homeowners Package (Coliform Bacteria, nitrate, chloride, pH, alkalinity, hardness, corrosibity index, conductivity)
Coastal Management Final Presentation 2021 (PDF) is under Documents & Files
Kewaunee County October 2023 Well Testing Results Presentation can be found under Documents & Files
- The 2007 Northeast Wisconsin Karst Task Force Final Report identified that less than 5 to carbonate bedrock, and or closed depressions or any drainage areas that contribute water to sinkholes/bedrock openings as an “extreme” relative vulnerability to contamination; 5-15 feet to carbonate bedrock as “high”; 15-50 as “significant”; and greater than 50 feet to carbonate bedrock as a “moderate” vulnerability.
- DNR Groundwater Collaboration Workgroups: Given the unique hydrogeology in certain regions of the state, specifically the karst geology in northeast Wisconsin, the Department of Natural Resources facilitated a groundwater work group to assess issues regarding landspreading and contamination of groundwater and drinking water wells.
- Dragun Nitrate Isotope Testing in Village of Casco (under Documents & Files)